on March 18, 2024

Solar eclipse in position

Designed by brgfx / Freepik


Introduction to the 2024 Total Solar Eclipse

Total solar eclipses are among the most awe-inspiring natural phenomena, offering a rare opportunity for both seasoned astronomers and the general public to witness the sun being completely obscured by the moon. On April 8, 2024, this celestial spectacle will grace the skies over the American continent, promising an unforgettable experience for all who observe it.


Reflecting on Past Eclipses: A Journey Through Time

Reflecting on recent eclipses, such as the annular eclipse on October 14, 2023, and the widely celebrated Great American Eclipse of August 21, 2017, offers valuable insights into the scientific and social impact of these events. Academic records from these eclipses highlight their importance in enhancing our understanding of the sun and the moon's intricate dance.


Understanding Solar Eclipses: The Science Behind the Shadow

To understand solar eclipses, it's essential to know they occur when the moon passes between the Earth and the sun, casting a shadow on Earth and fully or partially obscuring the sun's light in some areas. Total solar eclipses, like the one on April 8, 2024, happen when the moon's apparent diameter is large enough to completely cover the sun, turning day into night for a brief period. This alignment is a rare and spectacular event due to the specific orbital positions of the Earth, moon, and sun.


Essential Photography Tips for Capturing the Eclipse

For capturing the solar eclipse, using the right camera settings is crucial. Opt for a DSLR or mirrorless camera with manual mode to control exposure. A telephoto lens (200mm or longer, to be recommended 800mm to 1200mm) is ideal for detailed images of the sun. Use a sturdy tripod to eliminate the camera shake. A solar filter is necessary to protect your camera and eyes when photographing before and after totality. Set your camera to a low ISO (100-400), a fast shutter speed (1/1000 second or faster), and a small aperture (f/8 or higher) to start, adjusting based on the brightness. Practice these settings during partial phases, but remember, during totality, remove the solar filter to capture the sun's corona.

EXUS ND100000 (5.0)
  • Manual adjustments to capture the dynamic range of the eclipse.
  • Using a low ISO minimizes noise
  • A fast shutter speed captures sharp images without overexposure,
  • A small aperture ensures a greater depth of field and optimal sharpness.


Detail Solar Filter Tips 

Before and after totality, a solar filter is essential to protect your camera and to capture the partial phases of the eclipse. The filter should be ISO 12312-2 certified, ensuring it meets safety standards. There are various types of solar filters available, including threaded ones for camera lenses and custom solutions for telescopes.


Prioritizing Safety and Equipment Preparation

  • Eye Protection: Never look directly at the sun without proper eye protection, even during partial phases of the eclipse. Use eclipse glasses that meet the ISO 12312-2 international safety standard for direct observation.
  • Camera and Telescope Safety: Attach a solar filter to the front of your camera lens or telescope. The filter should be specifically designed for solar observation, reducing sunlight intensity and protecting equipment from damage. Remove the filter only during totality when the sun is completely covered by the moon. 
ISO certified
  • Choose the Right Equipment: A DSLR or mirrorless camera with manual controls and a telephoto lens (at least 200mm) is ideal for capturing detailed images of the eclipse. A tripod is essential for stability, especially with long lenses or telescopes.
  • Practice with Your Equipment: Familiarize yourself with your camera and lens, practicing manual focus and exposure settings. Understand how to quickly change settings in the varying light conditions during the eclipse.
  • Backup Equipment: Consider having backup batteries and memory cards. A second camera setup can capture wide-angle shots or serve as a backup in case of equipment failure.


Choosing the Perfect Location and Timing

  • Select a Prime Location: Research the path of totality to choose a location that offers a clear view of the eclipse. Consider local weather forecasts and have backup locations in mind in case of unexpected weather changes.
  • Arrive Early: Get to your chosen location early to set up your equipment and secure a good viewing spot. This also gives you time to make any last-minute adjustments.


Conclusion: Embrace the Eclipse Experience

Preparation is key to successfully photographing a solar eclipse. By focusing on safety, familiarizing yourself with your equipment, choosing the right location, and being prepared for varying conditions, you can capture this awe-inspiring celestial event. Remember to enjoy the experience beyond the lens, as a solar eclipse is a rare and remarkable phenomenon.

Thank you for your attention! This article is written referring to the following professional photographer's experiences.


Marumi team,

How to Photograph a Solar Eclipse  -AstroBackyard​​,


How to Photograph a Solar Eclipse -Photography Life​​,